During the ongoing coronavirus pandemic, the United States and its vital functions – including hospitals and food supplies – are increasingly vulnerable to targeted attacks by nefarious threat actors. Experts and lawmakers alike are advocating for the Trump administration to take action to deter these attacks, many of which are orchestrated by anonymous adversaries.

 We are already seeing cybercriminals exploit this global health emergency, from spreading disinformation campaigns to launching digital attacks to overwhelm computer networks at the U.S. Department of Health and Human Services (HHS). At this time, unfortunately, we do not know who targeted the HHS, which shows the need for identity attribution. In order to respond appropriately, we must first understand the identity and motives of the adversary to get a clear picture of the situation. Playing defensive whack-a-mole is no longer a viable option.